Today, we're gonna talk about some common signs and symptoms of high blood sugar. And we also want to understand how this works and how to catch it early because you don't ever want to develop any of these signs and symptoms.
The reason this stuff is so important is that first of all high blood sugar, insulin resistance and diabetes Are sweeping the world. It's an epidemic, but a lot of people don't even know that they have this stuff because you can't feel it until it's gone too far.
So even though we have millions and millions of diabetics 25% of the diabetics are undiagnosed, they don't know they have it. As much as 90% of the people who are pre-diabetic don't know it, so that's a ticking time bomb.
Pre-diabetes means that if you don't change the way you're eating if you don't change your lifestyle then you'll probably have diabetes within five years.
We're talking hundreds of millions of people and you never ever want to let it get to where you have these signs and symptoms, but you still want to know about it, so that you can keep an eye out and maybe help some other people as well.
Number one, weight gain.
Number two increased or frequent urination.
Number three sign of high blood sugar is blurry vision.
Number four sign is nausea, vomiting confusion.
Number five common signs would be recurring and frequent infections.
Number six is fatigue and poor focus.
Number seven is slow healing.
Number eight, teeth and gums.
Number nine is any form of skin change.
Number ten is neuropathy and this is very strongly associated with diabetes and high blood sugar.
That's an early sign, it's very common. Even though it takes a while to develop this it's not something that's a really severe pathology and you have plenty of time to do something about it.
Weight gain is primarily caused by high blood sugar because high blood sugar drives insulin and insulin resistance drives weight gain and especially central obesity the belly fat.
If you go to the bathroom all the time if you're losing a lot of fluid that way then that could be an indication of high blood sugar.
If you can't control your blood sugar, if it just gets through the roof, then the only way the body has left to get rid of it is to get it out through the kidneys to pass it out through the urine. Now, that sugar takes a lot of fluid with it the sugar and the fluid that's kind of an osmotic pressure there. So you lose them together, you get rid of some sugar, but you also lose a lot of fluids. Now, you get dehydrated, you get thirsty and another part of dehydration a very common symptom of dehydration is headaches.
Increased urination, increased thirst, and headaches all go together because you're losing a lot of fluid. If we add a fourth thing to this if we add hunger. this is a more severe case of undetected type one diabetes.
If you're super hungry, you're eating, your body is absorbing it. Your blood sugar goes up but there is no insulin there to take the sugar from the blood into the cells. Now, your cells are still starving, and they don't have any energy.
There's plenty of blood sugar but you can't go to where it needs to be that's called starvation in the midst of plenty. So with that, you're going to have hunger, you're going to have increased urination but at the same time you're going to have weight loss because none of that food you're eating can make it into the cells and build new tissue.
There's a tendency where there is a lot of high blood sugar. We talked about here that the blood and the water go together so the sugar is going to hold liquid to it. Now, you can have a swelling of the lens in the eye. So when you change the shape of the lens you can get blurry vision. This is different from the long-term problem of retinopathy. That's when the retina the fine blood vessels in the retina get destroyed by neuropathy and are the leading cause of blindness, that's further down the road. The short-term is blurry vision because of the swollen lens.
These are pretty serious things. This is associated with something called diabetic ketoacidosis and a lot of people are scared and a lot of people are trying to scare people doing keto and saying that ketoacidosis is a bad thing. So you shouldn't do the keto diet well, these are totally different things.
Diabetic ketoacidosis happens because the blood sugar runs into the hundreds, but there's no insulin to take the sugar out of the bloodstream and into the cells. So the only thing the body can do is to burn the fat and this is why you're also losing weight in the middle of all of this. And when you're burning fat, you're making key tones and in the absence of any insulin, when the body is only burning fat then that creates a pathologically high level of keto acids and these can cause swelling of the brain and it can cause all of these nasty things and untreated, it can lead to death.
But that's very different from nutritional ketosis because when there is some insulin present, then you will never get the levels as high as those pathological levels that's, and nutritional ketosis is actually a very stable and very healthy level of ketones. That's how humans have existed for hundreds of thousands of years, anytime that there is less food, we make ketones and we do just fine.
High blood sugar depresses your immune system, but it also feeds all of the pathogens all the opportunistic pathogens in your body. So if you have yeast infections, for example, the most common reason for that is excess sugar because the yeast thrives on that sugar sign.
This is one of the strongest correlations, one of the most commonly found things with high blood sugar and with diabetes, they even call it a diabetes fatigue syndrome. But even with that being that common, they still don't know exactly why it happens, they don't understand the mechanism that just knows that it happens, and if it happens after you eat, it's especially common right after you eat. And then it can be because your body is busy converting that glucose into triglycerides because if you're insulin resistant and you have high blood glucose then the cells don't want the glucose. So the body has to do something else with it. That's where the glucose turns into triglycerides and that's costly, it's an energy demanding process.
A lot of diabetics. A lot of people with high blood sugar notice that they get a cut and it takes forever and it just won't heal very common.
Same thing. They're slow healing.
They get inflamed, they get swollen and bleeding. you get cavities and this is thanks to something called the bacterium called streptococcus mutants. And guess what? That little bugger likes it loves sugar, it loves carbohydrates. And even if you don't eat sugar, if you eat carbohydrates, they'll start breaking down already in the mouth. So it doesn't have to be even though sugar is worse because it's concentrated any kind of carb will feed that streptococcus that causes the cavities and it also causes the plaquing on the teeth, So if you go on a keto or low carb diet, you will notice that the plaquing and your teeth are reduced dramatically.
Alright, so if you have dry itchy skin then that could be high blood sugar. If you get blisters they look like burn blisters but they don't hurt like burn blisters. They could be itchy but they're different. They're associated with diabetes as well. Skin tags, especially in the folds of the neck and elbow and armpit and so forth very common with high blood sugar and diabetes and also something called a cam dosis nigricans which is a darkening of the skin. It looks kind of like a dark soft leathery appearance of the skin. Again, particularly in the skin that that folds.
So if you have things like tingling and numbness, especially in the feet and the hands because it's the furthest away it's a distal body part. So the circulation is poorer and then when circulation is decreased because of diabetes and high blood sugar then it is it happens there first, and you want to watch this especially if it is bilateral meaning if you have it on both sides.
You could for example have a little bit of a musculoskeletal structural imbalance, but then it's more likely that you just have a problem on one hand. If it's in both then you want to start thinking that it's more of a metabolic issue and you want to start thinking blood sugar and neuropathy can happen in many places. So it can happen in distal body parts and get numbness and tingling. But you can also have more severe neuropathy where you lose sensory and motor control. So you can have something called shark owes joints which is where the whole joint breaks down and degenerates because you don't have the proper sensory feedback.
Another form of neuropathy is what we talked about with retinopathy it's the most common cause of blindness because the nerve swells from all that blood sugar and it just doesn't work as well. But one more thing people don't think about often is gastro paralysis. That means paralysis of your stomach and intestinal tract. So this is because the Vegas the Vegas nervous cranial nerve number ten and it walks all the way from the brain stem down into your gut into your intestinal tract and it supplies the innovation it sends all the signals that coordinate and regulates your digestion and your motility, the movement of your intestines and of the food through your body.
So if the Vegas gets neuropathy, if it gets compromised and inflamed and swollen now the intestinal contents don't move the way they're supposed to. And you can get things like constipation you can have if it really gets stuck then anything you eat comes right back up, and you vomited back up so this can have many different expressions. You can have pain, it could have irregular bowel habits etcetera.
So virtually all of these different signs and symptoms, their expressions of a few common mechanisms. And those mechanisms are that blood sugar and insulin increases inflammation in the body. It decreases circulation that's where you have the slow healing and so forth. It increases swelling which is with blurry vision and neuropathy and it decreases the immune system. It reduces the immune function at the same time that it feeds the pathogens. So high blood sugar is a really nasty thing because all of these things can happen and will happen if you don't control it.